Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment that helps you address problematic emotions, thoughts, and behaviors through examining patterns, promoting change, and devising solutions.Dr. Aaron Beck first developed CBT in the 1960s as he was working to test psychoanalytic concepts of depression. Rather than yielding the results he was hoping for, he used this process of therapy to help conceptualize depression and began using it on his patients.How Cognitive Behavioral Therapy WorksCognitive Behavioral Therapy can appear to be a complex form of treatment. However, once engaged, you can begin reaping the many successes that come as a result of your therapeutic involvement.CBT generally includes participation in numerous steps that help change problematic thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. First, you will work with your therapist to identify your prominent areas of concern. This can include anything from feeling overly angry to experiencing panic attacks.For some, there might be more than one issue that plagues them. However, working to identify issues with a therapist can help you decide which issues you want to address first.Once the main areas of concern are identified, your therapist will work with you to help you become aware of your thoughts and emotions surrounding these issues. This process will be prompted by your therapist, who will encourage you to communicate as much as you can about your thoughts and feelings. This can include determining your personal beliefs, your values, and your perception of the world and others.Examining self-talk — which is what a person thinks about themselves, their feelings, and their behavior — is also common during this step. It is suggested that you keep a journal at this time so you can document your thoughts.In CBT, a therapist helps you recognize any negative patterns of thinking or behavior that you communicate or record. A therapist will also work to get you in tune with your physical and emotional responses in preparation for change. Your therapist helps you recognize any negative patterns of thinking and behavior and asks you to challenge your self-talk to impact your behavior.What Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treat?Since Beck’s discovery, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has become one of the most widely practiced forms of therapy in the world. Not only has it been used to help the many different forms of depression, but it also works to help treat other mental illnesses, including the following:Personality disorders, such as Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)Anxiety disorders, including Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Generalized Anxiety DisorderBipolar DisorderPost Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and traumaSchizophreniaDissociative DisordersEating disorders, including Body Dysmorphic Disorder, anorexia, bulimia, and Binge Eating DisorderGambling and sex addictionSubstance abuse problemsOppositional Defiant DisorderCBT is used to treat adults, as well as children, teens, and young adults who might be experiencing any of these issues and/or closely connected to someone who is.Evidence Behind Cognitive Behavioral TherapyCognitive Behavioral Therapy has been practiced for more than 50 years, and it is considered an evidence-based therapy, which means that it is endorsed by many different studies that prove its overall effectiveness. Since CBT is used for many different forms of mental illness, these studies vary in terms of participants and mental health or behavioral issues.A systematic review on the use of CBT to treat depression showed that the participants of these studies saw the largest reduction in their symptoms in comparison to other forms of therapy.A randomized controlled trial for those who struggled with psychosis proved that, with a minimum of nine months of intensive CBT therapy, participants’ symptoms improved greatly and continued to improve over the following nine months post-treatment.Like many forms of therapy, the effectiveness of the process depends on the participants. According to the Mayo Clinic, it is important than an individual strives to develop a strong partnership with their therapist, practice good communication, stick to the treatment plan, and do what is asked of them when they are not in session to help promote positive results from their Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.EXISTENTIAL PSYCHOTHERAPYExistential Psychotherapy is a nonfiction book by the American existential psychiatrist and author Irvin D. Yalom.In this book, the author offers a brief and pragmatic introduction, addressed to clinical practitioners, to European existential philosophy, as well as to existential approaches to psychotherapy. He presents his four ultimate concerns of life—death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessness—and discusses developmental changes, psychopathology and psychotherapeutic strategies with regard to these four concerns.This work is considered, aside his groundbreaking textbook on group therapy The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy(1970), to be among one of Yalom’s most influential booksby Irvin D. Yalom
The definitive account of existential psychotherapy.
Existential therapy is practiced throughout the world. But until now, it has lacked a coherent structure. In Existential Psychotherapy, Irvin Yalom finds the essence of existential psychotherapy, synthesizing its historical background, core tenets, and usefulness to the practice.
Organized around what Yalom identifies as the four “ultimate concerns of life”-death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessness-the book takes up the meaning of each existential concern and the type of conflict that springs from our confrontation with each. He shows how these concerns are manifested in personality and psychopathology, and how treatment can be helped by our knowledge of them.
Drawing from clinical experience, empirical research, philosophy, and great literature, Yalom provides an intellectual home base for those psychotherapists who have sensed the incompatibility of orthodox theories with their own clinical experience, and opens new doors for empirical research. The fundamental concerns of therapy and the central issues of human existence are woven together here as never before, with intellectual and clinical results that will surprise and enlighten all readers.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) was first developed by Marsha Linehan, Ph.D., in the 1970s as a means of treating Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) in women. However, as DBT proved its effectiveness, it was incorporated into treatment for individuals struggling with numerous psychological issues, including depression, anxiety, addiction, and eating disorders.Today, Dialectical Behavior Therapy is considered to be one of the most clinically proven methods of therapy, as it is backed by a great deal of evidence-based research. The most noticeable success of DBT is that this form of therapy helps you develop strong coping skills devised to help bring about continual recovery from the psychological troubles that are affecting you.How Dialectical Behavior Therapy WorksDialectical Behavior Therapy is a process of different stages, all of which are developed to help encourage a willingness to get better and obtain healthy coping skills. The DBT process is broken down into four different stages:Stage one: Stage one of DBT serves as the foundation on which you will build your success. During this first stage, you will begin learning how to control your behaviors, including those behaviors that prevent you from getting the help you need and/or cause you to harm yourself physically or emotionally. You will also work with a therapist to identify additional disorders that might be occurring simultaneously with your primary disorder.Stage two: Rather than bottling up emotional responses, stage two of DBT helps you learn the power of expression. By talking about your emotions, you can learn how to cope with your underlying issues rather than jeopardize your physical and/or psychological health. Here, you will work with your therapist to acknowledge and work through any traumatic experiences and/or emotional struggles that have prevented you from overcoming obstacles in the past.Stage three: By combining the skills developed in the first two stages of DBT, you will use stage three to learn how to solve your problems successfully, all while striving to maintain proper functioning in your life.Stage four: To wrap up the process of DBT, therapists work with you in stage four to help you reconnect to other individuals in your lives. By working on communication skills and sorting through potential attachment/detachment issues, you can begin learning how to foster positive relationships during this final stage of therapy.Throughout these stages, you will focus on gaining skills in the areas of emotional regulation, distress tolerance, mindfulness, and interpersonal effectiveness.Comprehensive Dialectical Behavior Therapy is practiced in DBT skills groups, individual DBT therapy sessions, and phone coaching with a DBT therapist. You will use diary cards and chain analysis to track your behaviors and find ways to use the DBT skills you’ve learned.As part of comprehensive DBT, your treatment team has regular consultation team meetings to help them ensure they are providing you the best treatment possible.What Dialectical Behavior Therapy TreatsFor individuals struggling with serious psychological issues, it can be increasingly difficult to manage them without engaging in some form of therapy. In addition to treating Borderline Personality Disorder, Dialectical Behavior Therapy also helps treat the following disorders:Mood disorders, including depressionAnxiety disordersEating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimiaSubstance abuseOther personality disorders, such as Dependent Personality DisorderWith many of the above disorders come numerous behavioral problems, all of which DBT is designed to help treat. Through the many steps of Dialectical Behavior Therapy, individuals dealing with these disorders can address issues such as emotional dysregulation, impulsivity, self-harmful tendencies, self-esteem issues, risky behaviors, and suicidality.Evidence Behind Dialectical Behavior TherapyDialectical Behavior Therapy is known as an evidence-based treatment, meaning that there has been a large amount of research done on its effectiveness in treating numerous psychological disorders.The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) provided funding for two of the very first studies conducted that proved DBT to be an effective form of treatment for Borderline Personality disorder and co-occurring substance abuse problems. The results of these two reputably funded studies proved that DBT helps reduce hospitalization in individuals struggling with psychological issues and addiction, as well as helps them integrate into social settings with greater ease.Additional studies on Dialectical Behavior Therapy and its effectiveness on Borderline Personality Disorder highlighted the following results:DBT reduces emotional distress, such as depression, anger, suicidal thoughts, and self-esteem issuesDBT reduces the likelihood of an individual engaging in self-harmful practicesDBT helps keep individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder tuned into treatment, meaning that very few leave treatmentDBT helps reduce symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder, as well as numerous other psychological disordersIn addition to the many studies conducted on DBT and Borderline Personality Disorder, studies have also been conducted on how well DBT helps treat additional psychological issues. The results of these studies have concluded the following:DBT reduces binging and purging behaviors in individuals with eating disordersDBT decreases drug use in individuals struggling with opiate addictionDBT reduces symptoms of depressionDBT helps develop stronger coping skillsThese studies, plus many more that have been conducted (and continue to be conducted), have proven that Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a highly effective form of treatment for people battling a variety of mental health disorders.Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an evidence-based treatment that can help you develop mindfulness skills that promote psychological flexibility. ACT can also help you to incorporate the use of values to guide behavioral change.Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is an extension of relational frame theory, which is a theory that specializes in how people learn and understand language. The goal of ACT is to help provide you with the opportunity to learn how to use mindfulness to experience the many emotions of life.Acceptance and Commitment Therapy was developed by Steven Hayes, Ph.D., and builds on the “third ware” tradition of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with the use of mindfulness and acceptance strategies to build psychological flexibility.One of the core tenets of ACT is accepting one’s painful emotions, thoughts, memories, body sensations, and present circumstances in an effort to make suffering optional. Suffering is viewed as non-acceptance, resistance, or avoidance of painful realities in living.How Acceptance and Commitment Therapy WorksThere are six core processes that make up Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, all of which contribute to the overall function of the therapy itself. These six processes are:Cognitive defusion. Cognitive defusion is the process of examining your problematic thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and urges. ACT helps to neutralize them through repetitious behaviors and humorous methods.Acceptance. Many people who require Acceptance and Commitment Therapy often have difficulty allowing their thoughts to flow effortlessly, as they desire to maintain control over what they are thinking about at all times. By working with a therapist, you can begin allowing yourself to have a free flow of thoughts without fearing and/or battling them when they occur.Contact with the present moment. Contact with the present moment — otherwise known as mindfulness — is often practiced in ACT, as it helps you develop a strong sense of awareness. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy cannot work without you being willing to keep contact with the present moment, even if it is full of painful thoughts, feelings, and urges.Observing the self. Acting as the reflective part of the mindfulness process, observing the self encourages you to develop and nurture a strong sense of being and contact with the present moment.Values. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is a value-based treatment, asking you to use some of your core values. ACT also asks you to develop new values based on how you want to be remembered and how you see their life without overidentification with mental illness and problems.Committed action. As with all forms of therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy generally comes to a close with the last step, which is to set positive goals that are realistic and attainable for you to achieve through your established values.From start to finish, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is designed to help you realize your flaws, examine your full potential, and put in place methods of care that will help you carry out successful action to benefit your overall wellbeing.What Acceptance and Commitment Therapy TreatsAcceptance and Commitment Therapy is helpful for a wide variety of people, especially those who are suffering from a psychological or behavioral disorder. Some of the most common disorders treated with ACT include the following:Personality disorders, including Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)Dual diagnosis of an addiction and mental health disorderObsessive Compulsive DisorderAnxiety disorders, including panic attacks, generalized anxiety disorder, and Social Anxiety DisorderPost Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and traumaMood disorders, such as Bipolar Disorder and major depressionSchizophrenia and other thought disordersChronic painAcceptance and Commitment Therapy is highly effective when treating these particular disorders, as it helps clients accept their psychological situation and commit themselves to their own personal recovery.Evidence Behind Acceptance and Commitment TherapyIn the past, small studies of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy programs have had conflicting results because of the extremely small sample. As of 2011, ACT has gained more attention and has been tested in a more detailed manner.The American Psychological Association labeled ACT an empirically validated treatment for “modest research support” in depression and “strong research support” in chronic pain. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has also reviewed numerous studies pertaining to ACT’s effectiveness and, as a result, considers Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to be an evidence-based therapy.Though Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is still considered to be a newer form of evidence-based therapy, it is quickly gaining attention for its ability to help change destructive behaviors in individuals struggling with behavioral disorders.Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PET)Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PET) is a therapy designed to treat Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and trauma. PET was developed and initially studied by Dr. Edna Foa in 1991, and is one of the leading treatments for PTSD.When used in conjunction with Dialectical Behavior Therapy, PET has been found effective in treating trauma in people diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder.Prolonged Exposure Therapy is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy for trauma, and is a time-limited approach to treatment. Although individual needs will vary, PET is designed to be completed in approximately 10 to 13 90-minute sessions.How Prolonged Exposure Therapy WorksProlonged Exposure Therapy is based on the theory that PTSD is maintained by two factors:Avoidance of thoughts, memories, and situations associated with trauma, andProblematic beliefs about oneself and the world.For example, a belief that the world is dangerous leads a person to avoid various events and situations. The more a person avoids, the scarier these situations become, which further confirms the belief and perpetuates avoidance.Prolonged Exposure Therapy aims to eliminate avoidance and challenge problematic beliefs. This is done using two types of exposure procedures: imaginal exposure and in vivo exposure. Imaginal exposure occurs during therapy sessions and involves gradual, repeated retelling of traumatic memories. In vivo exposure includes developing a hierarchy of real-life situations a person avoids, and gradually engaging in those tasks.The PET therapist serves as a guide throughout this process, offering support, structure, and instilling hope. Both types of exposure procedures are a mechanism to process emotions, test problematic beliefs, and get a healthier perspective.Who Is Prolonged Exposure Therapy Appropriate For?Prolonged Exposure Therapy is appropriate for individuals who have been diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. PET is appropriate to treat all forms of trauma, including childhood physical or sexual abuse, bullying, military trauma, sexual assault, terrorist attacks, violent crimes, and natural disasters.Evidence Behind Prolonged Exposure TherapyThe American Psychological Association considers Prolonged Exposure Therapy an empirically validated treatment for PTSD. Prolonged Exposure Therapy has been found effective for reducing PTSD across approximately 13 randomized controlled-trial studies. Findings show that PET reduces symptoms of PTSD, and these gains are maintained when followed up after treatment ends.Given the high comorbidity of PTSD and personality disorders, newer research has examined whether Prolonged Exposure Therapy works to treat trauma in individuals who also have Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). This research has included PET as part of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and found that PET effectively reduces symptoms of PTSD for suicidal individuals with BPD.Prolonged Exposure Therapy and DBTThe integration of Prolonged Exposure Therapy and DBT is on the cutting edge of trauma and BPD treatment, and initial research on this model has been promising. The DBT PET model was developed by Drs. Marsha Linehan and Edna Foa, with attention paid to combining these treatments in a way that adheres to the fidelity of both models.Within the DBT PET model, Prolonged Exposure Therapy is implemented after clients in DBT have had ample time to stabilize and work on life-threatening behaviors. Additionally, DBT skills are used to cope ahead for challenges associated with trauma-focused exposure therapy.Clients engage in weekly PET sessions, with concurrent once-weekly DBT sessions. Diary cards continue to be reviewed in each session, as are DBT commitment, validation, and motivation strategies. Upon completion of Prolonged Exposure Therapy, DBT sessions continue to assist clients in wrapping up trauma-focused work and shifting focus to building a life worth living, including discharge planning.Mindfulness-Based Cognitive TherapyMindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is designed to help people who suffer repeated bouts of depression and chronic unhappiness. It combines the ideas of cognitive therapy with meditative practices and attitudes based on the cultivation of mindfulness. The heart of this work lies in becoming acquainted with the modes of mind that often characterize mood disorders while simultaneously learning to develop a new relationship to them. MBCT was developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams and John Teasdale, based on Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program.What Is Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy?Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a modified form of cognitive therapy that incorporates mindfulness practices such as meditation and breathing exercises. Using these tools, MBCT therapists teach clients how to break away from negative thought patterns that can cause a downward spiral into a depressed state so they will be able to fight off depression before it takes hold.
When It’s UsedMBCT was developed for people with recurring episodes of depression or unhappiness, to prevent relapse. It has been proven effective in patients with major depressive disorder who have experienced at least three episodes of depression. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention may also be helpful for treating generalized anxiety disorders and addictions. MBCT has also been shown to improve symptoms of depression in some people with physical health conditions, such as vascular disease and traumatic brain injury.
What to ExpectMBCT is group therapy, with once-a-week, two-hour sessions, led by your therapist, as part of an eight-week program. You will learn meditation techniques as well as basic principles of cognition, such as the relationship between the way you think and how you feel. You will also have the opportunity to learn more about your depressive condition. On the days when there is no session, there is homework, which includes practicing breathing exercises and mindful meditation.
How It WorksSometimes normal sadness is a powerful trigger for someone who has recovered from a depressive state to relapse into another bout of depression. Rather than try to avoid or eliminate sadness or other negative emotions, one learns to change their relationship with these emotions by practicing meditation and other mindfulness exercises. These activities rebalance neural networks, allowing the client to move away from automatic negative responses toward an understanding that there are other ways to respond to situations. By developing a routine meditation practice, clients can use the technique whenever they start to feel overwhelmed by negative emotions. When sadness occurs and starts to bring up the usual negative associations that trigger relapse of depression, the client is equipped with tools that will help them replace negative thought patterns with positive.MindfulnessOur life can quickly pass us by when we’re not focused on what matters. We have a bad habit of emphasizing the negative and overlooking the positive. Being mindful can help. Mindfulness is a state of active, open attention on the present. When we are mindful, we carefully observe our thoughts and feelings without judging them as good or bad. Mindfulness can also be a healthy way to identify and manage hidden emotions that may be causing problems in our personal and professional relationships. It means living in the moment and awakening to our current experience, rather than dwelling on the past or anticipating the future. Mindfulness is frequently used in meditation and certain kinds of therapy. It has many positive benefits, including lowering stress levels, reducing harmful ruminating, improving our overall health, and protecting against depression and anxiety. There is even research suggesting that mindfulness can help people cope better with rejection and social isolation.Sufi MindfulnessThis modality is created by Faruk Arslan as MSW, RSW in 2014 at Wilfrid Laurier University, the Faculty of Social Work. His thesis has been received strong attention both from academia and clinical services worldwide. You can free download his thesis at belowA HEARTBASEDTHERAPYFINALFARUKARSLANor click on this link and free download from academia (same)https://scholars.wlu.ca/etd/1634/EMERGENT SPIRITUAL PRACTICE- FOUNDATIONS OF SUFI THERAPY
Having a big sale, on-site celebrity, or other event? Be sure to announce it so everybody knows and gets excited about it.
Are your customers raving about you on social media? Share their great stories to help turn potential customers into loyal ones.
Running a holiday sale or weekly special? Definitely promote it here to get customers excited about getting a sweet deal.
Have you opened a new location, redesigned your shop, or added a new product or service? Don't keep it to yourself, let folks know.
Customers have questions, you have answers. Display the most frequently asked questions, so everybody benefits.